Conclusion and Recommendation

Started by Katalin Czippan on
03 Sep 2013 at 12:52

28. To achieve the existing Millennium Develop targets related to water and to move forward towards the new set of Sustainable Development Goals, as well as to create new approaches to water management, the Budapest Water Summit, in consideration of the many ideas and discussions preceding to and over the course of the Summit preparation process, recommends the development of a SMART, comprehensive Sustainable Development Goal on Water.


29.     Engineering ecosystems into 21st century water resources development systems will be an important shift in the way we can ensure multi-generational water security. Collateral damage to ecosystems in the name of water provision and sanitation, if executed without proper precautions for environmental protection, is contrary to the aspirations of a sustainable water future.


30.      Lessons of the water and sanitation related Millennium Development Goals show the critical need for a sound scientific underpinning, technical and engineering capacity from the water sector. The development of broader and more inclusive Sustainable Development Goals provides an even greater challenge to the water sciences. In this context, the lack of trained professionals is a recognized limitation toward attaining meaningful Goals. Educating and training the next generation of water scientists, assessment experts, engineers, economists and policy experts will be critical to achieving the water and sanitation related SDGs.

31.     The overarching goal is to create a SMART “A Water-Secure World” with the objective to

a)      Achieve universal and sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation in all households, schools, health facilities, workplaces and refugee camps;

b)      Identify socially acceptable trade-offs to manage freshwater resources, including transboundary basins and aquifers, in an integrated way across sectorsto maximize benefits to human and societal development as well as to ecosystem protection;

c)       Protect human health and the environment from municipal, agricultural and industrial wastes and pollutants and from open defecation with a view towards minimizing the effect of vector-borne diseases; and

d)      Increase social resilience by preparedness against and adaptation capabilities to the impacts of on-going and future global changes such as growing water insecurity, climate change, population growth and the frequency of natural extreme hydrological events through wise use and development of resilient water infrastructure and appropriate social programs.

32. The critical nature of water for human populations and the planet, underpinning any future sustainable development agenda, requires a more robust intergovernmental process to regularly monitor, review and assess progress in the water and sanitation sphere.  Due to the overarching goals, conditions and constraints, it is recommended that appropriate institutional mechanisms be put in place to review and assess progress in an integrated manner. Considering that the last full-fledged intergovernmental conference on water was held thirty-six years ago,[1] during which time many new water challenges as well as potential solutions have emerged, the Budapest Water Summit recommends to governments and the United Nations to create an open-ended mechanism to upgrade the intergovernmental track for water so as to address and regularly assess water and sanitation issues in a more measured, comprehensive and cohesive framework in the decades to come.

[1]United Nations Water Conference, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 1977

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