Creating SMART targets to assure universal access to safe and sustainable to water and sanitation

Katalin Czippan
Started by Katalin Czippan on
03 Sep 2013 at 13:35
Know-how: Communications and Outreach

5.      Access to safe drinking water and sanitation are fundamental to health, well-being and poverty eradication. Commitments are required at global, regional and national levels to accelerate the achievement of universal access and the progressive realization of the human right to safe drinking water and basic sanitation that are essential for dignified human life. Narrowing the water and sanitation deficiency gap will protect and improve human health, advance gender equality, create education and development opportunities, especially for girls, economic development and poverty reduction.

6.      It is imperative to achieve universal sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation in all homes, schools, health centres, workplaces and in places of humanitarian assistance such as refugee camps. The sustainability and quality of drinking water and sanitation services must be improved for all while giving priority to the most vulnerable, pursuing non-discrimination and increasing equity.

7.      Drinking water and sanitation should be fully integrated into water resources management with the recognition that water and sanitation not only consume and use, but also pollute water and, therefore, negatively influence the water cycle as a whole, if countermeasures are not applied.

8.      For hygiene, often forgotten in the water and sanitation discourse, it is important to identify realistic, monitorable and enforceable approaches and improving hygiene especially for women and adolescent girls.

9.      The protection of human and ecosystem health from inadequate sanitation and municipal, agricultural and industrial pollution requires precaution, prevention and rehabilitation. The collection and treatment of wastewater and solid waste to reduce their negative impacts as well as closing material cycles to maximize their re-use in order to reduce environmental pollution is a prerequisite for prevention of water system deterioration is and will continue to be a more cost-effective approach than post-damage remediation.

10      To achieve these objectives new partnerships, non-conventional approaches to and innovation in the technologies and behavioural dimensions of drinking water and sanitation must be promoted and developed.  Successful approaches to ensure access to poor and disadvantaged populations should be identified. These are to include financing mechanisms and budgets for operation and maintenance, minimising hurdle costs to accessing new or improved facilities and services, improved accountability and transparency among sector actors, encouraging utilities to respond by extending coverage and improving quality of services, while addressing rural backlog and urban population growth.

11. Developing capacities at all levels must be incentivized. Sustained service delivery requiring appropriate institutional and governance arrangements by ensuring adequate new infrastructure along with rehabilitation and renewal of ageing infrastructure is to be paid greater attention.  It is also critical to identify effective approaches to small communities, including demand management especially at higher levels of service, adapt existing and new systems, particularly water storage, to manage hydrological uncertainties and risks with a view toward ensuring and increasing resilience to the impacts of water scarcity and climate change. 


Tamas Pocsi
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Maybe the headings could be changed to cover the contents. For example the heading “creating SMART targets etc” does not make sense when reading articles 5 to 11. These concern elements that should guide policies and plans at different levels or that could underpin the formulation of targets this does not clearly come across.

Article 7: Maybe the formulation can be made more positive and more correct. Text suggestion:
Water resources management should include water and sanitation more systematically. Quality and reliability of water services are negatively affected by inadequate protection of water sources and disposal of waste and waste water. Sanitation systems and waste water management can deteriorate drinking water sources, both ground and surface water.
Richard Tembo
My comment select Article 7's last two sentences: Protection of water sources has been taken so lightly. Disposal of solid and liquid waste; sanitation systems and waste water management is very crucial in the most populated cities and peri-urban centres of Sub-Saharan African region. Deliberately governments and stakeholders could come up with realistic feasible and safe methods of disposal of waste. Another element would be lobby with small holder farmers who claim food security by directly practice farming usually 2 meters or less along the river banks. Linking the end-users of water with water sources is basic for preservation of the water sources available!
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